Women experience many changes to their bodies during pregnancy. As their body changes they often develop a variety of medical conditions they have never before experienced, and that are a direct result of their pregnancy. Unfortunately, pregnancy tends to make women more prone to developing a hemorrhoid for a variety of factors including a growing uterus, constipation, and an increased production of the hormone progesterone.
As the uterus grows during pregnancy it applies pressure on the pelvic veins and the inferior vena cava, a large vein that receives blood from the lower limbs. This can slow the process of receiving blood to your lower body and cause dilation or swelling of the veins below the uterus.
Another typical cause is constipation, which is extremely common in almost all pregnancies due to the added pressure of the growing uterus. The strain of trying to pass a stool can worsen the condition and agitate the symptoms.
During pregnancy a woman’s body produces an excessive amount of progesterone that relaxes the veins making them more prone to swelling. In addition, progesterone is also known to cause constipation.
During pregnancy there are a few hemorrhoids treatment methods that are safe for both the woman and the baby.
Apply an ice pack to the swollen or inflamed area for fifteen to twenty minute intervals throughout the day. Ice packs not only help reduce the swelling, but they also aid in numbing the area and reducing the pain associated with the condition.
Taking sitz baths throughout the day can also aid in reducing pain, burning, and itching sensations. Avoid using hot water, as heat can further agitate the swollen anal area. Use warm water and relax in the sitz bath for at least fifteen minutes.
Gently, but thoroughly clean the anal area after every bowel movements. You can use baby wipes or moist towelettes that are free from dyes or perfumes. Avoid using colored or printed toilet paper, as they typically contain dyes that can further irritate the anal area. Also avoid using soaps that contain dyes or perfumes, as they too will further agitate the area.
Talk with your healthcare provider about topical hemorrhoids treatment ointments that are safe to use during pregnancy. There are many over the counter ointments and creams that your doctor will be able to recommend that are completely safe for you to use.
If your own preventative measures are not working and your condition worsens, you should seek the immediate advice of your healthcare provider. It is especially important to contact your doctor if you notice bleeding.
Typically, this anal condition improves or goes away entirely after delivery. Sometimes preventive measures still need to be taken directly after birth, but in time the condition tends to improve on its own.